Finally, to make sure you’re absolutely clear, list the conclusions of your research to make them more specific.

Here’s how CESH did that in its systematic review of management strategies for Renal Artery Stenosis:

1. Overall, the evidence does not support a benefit with PTRAS over medical therapy alone in most patients with ARAS.

2. Observational studies, however, suggest that “high-risk” patients—specifically, those with worse kidney function, higher blood pressure, or flash pulmonary edema—may be more likely to have improved kidney function and blood pressure with PTRAS.

Want to see an example of a discussion that follows these steps? Read the discussion from CESH’s article on the Comparative Effectiveness of Management Strategies for Renal Artery Stenosis.

Try to find all the components of a good discussion. In what ways might a systematic review report deviate from this formula? Does the Renal Artery Stenosis article miss any steps?