Structured Abstract Example

Here is the structured abstract for a systematic review that compared treatment strategies for renal artery stenosis (you might remember this topic from our intro course).

Comparative Effectiveness of Management Strategies for Renal Artery Stenosis: An Updated Systematic Review


Atherosclerotic Renal Artery Stenosis (ARAS) is associated with high blood pressure (BP), decreased kidney function, Renal Replacement Therapy (RRT), and death.

To compare benefits and harms of Percutaneous Transluminal Renal Angioplasty with Stent Placement (PTRAS) versus medical therapy alone in adults with ARAS.

Data Sources:
MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials from 1993 to 16 March 2016; gray literature; and prior systematic reviews.

Study Selection:
Randomized, controlled trials (RCTs); nonrandomized, comparative studies (NRCSs); single-group studies; and selected case reports that reported all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, RRT, kidney function, BP, and adverse events.

Data Extraction:
Six researchers extracted data on design, interventions, outcomes, and study quality into a web-based database.