What is a Systematic Review?

A systematic review is a type of evidence synthesis.

Systematic reviews are among the more rigorous forms of evidence synthesis. In general, they:

  • Answer one (or more) carefully constructed question(s)
  • Are carried out by a team of librarians, methodologists, statisticians, subject matter experts and stakeholders
  • Use a clear, transparent and rigorous protocol for selecting, evaluating and extracting evidence
  • Consider the role of subjectivity and bias in their results
  • Involve stakeholders in the process